Skip to content# Quadratic Formula Questions with Step-by-Step Examples

## What is a Quadratic Equation?

## What is a Quadratic Formula?

## What is a Discriminant?

### Conditions for Equal, Distinct, and Real Roots for Discriminant

## Steps for Solving a Quadratic Equation with Quadratic Formula

**Solution:**

## Conclusion

## Worksheet on Quadratic Formula

**Quadratic Formula**

- Quadratic equations are an essential concept in algebra, used to solve a variety of problems in mathematics and real-world applications.
- In order to solve a quadratic equation, the quadratic formula is used.

In this article, we will discuss:

**What is a Quadratic Formula?****What is a Discriminant?****Steps for Solving a Quadratic Equation with Quadratic Formula**

Here is one more link to practice a few extra questions: Maths Genie Quadratic Formula Questions

- A quadratic equation is a polynomial equation of the second degree, which can be represented in the form

**ax² + bx + c = 0,**

where **a, b, and c** are constants, and x is the variable.

- The equation has one variable, which is squared, and this is what makes it quadratic.
- A quadratic equation can have two solutions, one solution or no real solution, depending on the values of a, b, and c.

- The quadratic formula is a formula used to solve a quadratic equation.
- The formula is given by:

**x = (-b ± √(b² – 4ac))/2a**

- where
**a, b, and c**are the coefficients of the quadratic equation**ax² + bx + c = 0.** - The formula provides the values of x, which are the solutions to the quadratic equation. The quadratic formula can be used for all quadratic equations, regardless of the values of a, b, and c.

- The discriminant is a value that is used to determine the number and type of roots of a quadratic equation.
- The discriminant is given by the expression

**b ^{2} – 4ac**

Which is part of the quadratic formula.

- The value of the discriminant can be positive, negative, or zero.

- The value of the discriminant determines the nature of the roots of a quadratic equation.
- The following conditions hold:

(a) If the discriminant is positive, the roots are distinct and real.

**b ^{2} – 4ac > 0**

(b) If the discriminant is zero, the roots are equal and real.

**b ^{2} – 4ac = 0**

(c) If the discriminant is negative, the roots are imaginary, and the equation has no real solutions.

**b ^{2} – 4ac < 0**

- The steps for solving a quadratic equation using the quadratic formula are as follows:

**Step #1:** Write the quadratic equation in the form **ax² + bx + c = 0.**

**Step #2:** Identify the values of **a, b, and c.**

**Step #3:** Calculate the discriminant using the formula **b² – 4ac.**

**Step #4:** Determine the nature of the roots using the conditions for the discriminant.

**Step #5:** If the roots are distinct and real, substitute the values of **a, b, and c** in the quadratic formula, and simplify to get the solutions.

**Step #6:** If the roots are equal and real, substitute the values of **a, b, and c** in the quadratic formula, and simplify to get the solution.

**Step #7:** If the roots are imaginary, the quadratic equation has no real solutions.

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**Solved Example: **

**Question 1: Solve the quadratic equation x² – 3x – 10 = 0 using the quadratic formula.**

Solution:

**Step #1:**Write the equation in the standard form ax² + bx + c = 0.**x² – 3x – 10 = 0**

**Step #2:**Identify the values of a, b, and c.**a = 1, b = -3, c = -10****Step #3:**Substitute the values of a, b, and c into the quadratic formula:**x = (-b ± √b² – 4ac)/2a****x = (3 ± √(3² – 4(1)(-10))/2(1)****Step #4:**Simplify the expression inside the square root:**x = (3 ± √(49))/2****Step #5:**Solve for x:

**x _{1} = (3 + 7)/2 = 5**

**x _{2} = (3 – 7)/2 = -2**

Therefore, the solutions to the equation x² – 3x – 10 = 0 are x = 5 and x = -2.

**Question 2: Solve the quadratic equation 4x² – 5x + 1 = 0 using the quadratic formula.**

Solution:

**Step #1:**Write the equation in the standard form ax² + bx + c = 0.**4x² – 5x + 1 = 0**

**Step #2:**Identify the values of a, b, and c.**a = 4, b = -5, c = 1****Step #3:**Substitute the values of a, b, and c into the quadratic formula:**x = (-b ± √b² – 4ac)/2a****x = (5 ± √(5² – 4(4)(1))/2(4)****Step #4:**Simplify the expression inside the square root:**x = (5 ± √(9))/8****Step #5:**Solve for x:

**x _{1} = (5 + 3) / 8 = 1**

**x _{2} = (5 – 3) / 8 = 0.25**

Therefore, the solutions to the equation 4x² – 5x + 1 = 0 are x = 1 and x ≈ 0.25.

**Practice Questions**

Question 1. Solve the quadratic equation x^{2} + 2x – 15 = 0 using the quadratic formula.

**Step #1:** Identify the coefficients a, b, and c in the quadratic equation, where

**a = 1, b = 2, and c = -15.**

**Step #2:** Substitute these values into the quadratic formula:

**x = -b ± √(b ^{2} - 4ac)/ 2a**

**Step #3:** Plug in the values for a, b, and c:

**x = -2 ± √(2 ^{2} - 4(1)(-15)) / 2(1)**

**Step #4:** Simplify the expression inside the square root:

**x = -2 ± √(4 + 60) / 2**

**Step #5:** Further simplify the expression inside the square root:

**x = -2 ± √64 / 2**

**Step #6:** Evaluate the square root:

**x = -2 ± 8 / 2**

**Step #7:** Simplify the expressions:

**x _{1} = -2 + 8 / 2 = 3**

**x _{2} = -2 - 8 / 2 = -5**

Question 2: Solve the quadratic equation x^{2} + 4x – 5 = 0 using the quadratic formula.

**Solution:**

**Step #1:** Identify the coefficients a, b, and c in the quadratic equation, where

**a = 1, b = 4, and c = -5.**

**Step #2:** Substitute these values into the quadratic formula:

**x = -b ± √(b ^{2} - 4ac)/ 2a**

**Step #3:** Plug in the values for a, b, and c:

**x = (-4 ± √(4 ^{2} - 4(1)(-5))) / (2(1))**

**Step #4:** Simplify the expression inside the square root:

**x = (-4 ± √(16 + 20)) / 2**

**Step #5:** Further simplify the expression inside the square root:

**x = (-4 ± √36) / 2**

**Step #6:** Evaluate the square root:

**x = (-4 ± 6) / 2**

**Step #7:** Simplify the expressions:

**x _{1} = (-4 + 6) / 2 = 1**

**x _{2} = (-4 - 6) / 2 = -5**

- In conclusion, the quadratic formula is a powerful and widely used tool in mathematics for solving quadratic equations.
- It offers a reliable method to find the roots of quadratic equations, even in cases where factoring or other methods may not be applicable.
- The quadratic formula is essential in various fields, including physics, engineering, finance, and computer science. Understanding and applying the quadratic formula accurately and efficiently is crucial for solving quadratic equations with precision.
- The discriminant, represented by b² – 4ac, helps determine the nature of the roots—whether they are distinct and real, equal and real, or imaginary.

Question 1: Solve the quadratic equation 2x^{2} + 5x - 3 = 0.

Question 2: Solve the quadratic equation 2x^{2} + 7x + 3 = 0.

Question 3: Solve the quadratic equation 2x^{2} - 3x + 1 = 0.

Question 4: Solve the quadratic equation x^{2} - 6x + 8 = 0.

Question 5: Solve the quadratic equation 2x^{2} - 3x - 5 = 0.